The Resource The Woomera

The Woomera

Label
The Woomera
Title
The Woomera
Contributor
Subject
Summary
This film was made near Yuendumu and shows the many uses and manufacture of the Pikirri, or spearthrower. The Warlpiri demonstrator in the film is Yaningi Djungerai. The first part of the film shows the uses of a spearthrower. A kangaroo is cooked over a fire that was lit by rubbing a spearthrower over the back of a shield to produce a powdery tinder which is used to ignite a pile of grass. The spearthrower's adze is used to cut the tendons and flesh of the kangaroo's legs, and to cut off the tail and divide the flesh of the cooked carcass. The spearthrower is used as a bowl to prepare Pitjuri, and the final act is the shaping of the spear shaft with the adze. The film then shows the complete manufacturing process of the spearthrower. Djungerai selects a mulga tree and marks out a piece of the trunk with a steel-bladed axe - a stone axe is displayed but not used. The section of the trunk is removed with the use of a wooden wedge. Preliminary shaping is done with the axe and the concavity is gouged out using a curved stick with a steel blade set in spinifex gum at one end. The bark is removed and the spearthrower is planed using thisimplement. For many of these tasks the heel of the foot is used for support. The pointed end is shaped to hold the peg, which is then fixed to the end with spinifex gum and kangaroo tendons that have been softened by chewing. The gripping end of the spearthrower is heated over a fire and bent into shape. Gum is applied to this end, heated and shaped. A stone flake is then set into this gum and smoothed with a flat stone. Grooves are cut into the coarser side of the spearthrower which then has red ochre applied to it to complete the process. Djungerai then tests the effectiveness of this spearthrower by throwing a few spears
Cataloging source
AIAS
Credits note
Director & Script, T.D. Campbell; cinematographer, M.J. Barrett; narrator, J.G. Cornell
Date of event
1958
Date time place
Filmed in
Information about documentation
Jones, P. (1987) 'South Australian anthropological history: the Board for Anthropological Research and its early expeditions', Records of the South Australian Museum, 20:71-92
Place of event
Yuendumu, N.T.,
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
  • 1893-1967
  • 1916-1975
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Campbell, T. D.
  • University of Adelaide
  • Barrett, Murray J.
  • Cornell, J. G
Series statement
Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia
Label
The Woomera
Link
http://aiatsis.gov.au/collections/using-collection/ordering-collection-items
Instantiates
Production
Note
  • Not digitised ; no access copies
  • Copy held at LF0156
  • Copy held at LV03453_5
  • Board for Anthropological Research
  • This item has a telecine transfer video version. Use caution before screening tape, as restricted items appear on compiled tapes of short films. There is an edited tape that contains this item only for access purposes. Timecode 01:00:00 - 01:15:00
Carrier category
film reel
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
two-dimensional moving image
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
F0002259
Dimensions
16 mm
Extent
2 film reels (approximately 14 min., approximately 400 feet)
Immediate source of acquisition
South Australian Museum
Media category
projected
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Note
No form
Other physical details
sound, colour;
Stock number
SAM_002 (FC00627_1-2)
Terms governing use
Copyright restrictions may apply
Label
The Woomera
Link
http://aiatsis.gov.au/collections/using-collection/ordering-collection-items
Production
Note
  • Not digitised ; no access copies
  • Copy held at LF0156
  • Copy held at LV03453_5
  • Board for Anthropological Research
  • This item has a telecine transfer video version. Use caution before screening tape, as restricted items appear on compiled tapes of short films. There is an edited tape that contains this item only for access purposes. Timecode 01:00:00 - 01:15:00
Carrier category
film reel
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
two-dimensional moving image
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
F0002259
Dimensions
16 mm
Extent
2 film reels (approximately 14 min., approximately 400 feet)
Immediate source of acquisition
South Australian Museum
Media category
projected
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Note
No form
Other physical details
sound, colour;
Stock number
SAM_002 (FC00627_1-2)
Terms governing use
Copyright restrictions may apply

Library Locations

    • Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)Borrow it
      51 Lawson Cres, Acton, ACT, 2601, AU
      -35.292556 149.118617
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